Ruling sparks fresh hope for high-speed-rail critics | August 30, 2013 | Palo Alto Weekly | Palo Alto Online |

Palo Alto Weekly

News - August 30, 2013

Ruling sparks fresh hope for high-speed-rail critics

Kings County lawsuit raises new hurdle for rail authority

by Gennady Sheyner

In their quest to build the nation's first high-speed rail system, California officials have been banking on a wide range of potentially dubious funding sources, from federal programs that don't exist to private investments that have yet to materialize.

Now, a fresh verdict from a Sacramento County judge threatens the one source of money that rail officials felt was a sure thing — the $9 billion in state funds that state voters approved for the $68 billion project in November 2008, when the price tag of the San Francisco-to-Los Angeles system was pegged at $45 billion.

In his ruling, Judge Michael Kenny found that the rail authority "abused its discretion" and violated the law when it failed to identify funding for the rail line's first usable segment, a roughly 300-mile stretch that would extend from Merced to San Fernando Valley and cost about $21 billion. Instead, the rail authority only identified the funding needed for the "initial construction segment," 130 miles between Bakersfield and Fresno, which does not include electrification and which will cost about $6 billion.

The consequences of the ruling won't be clear until Nov. 8, when the California High-Speed Rail Authority and the plaintiffs from Kings County are scheduled to return to Kenny's courtroom to hear his ruling on the remedies the rail authority would have to pursue.

Lisa Marie Alley, the rail authority's deputy director of communications, said that until the litigation concludes, it's impossible to predict the impact of Kenny's decision. In the meantime, however, the rail authority is hiring workers in the Central Valley in preparation for construction. The agency is refining its design for the initial section and proceeding with relocating utilities, purchasing right-of-way and paving the way for the actual "heavy construction" of bridges, overpasses and trenches.

"Our stance has always been that we will continue to move the project forward," Alley told the Weekly.

At least one vocal proponent of the increasingly unpopular project — Gov. Jerry Brown — thinks the ruling will ultimately do little to halt construction of the train system. Last week, Brown told reporters at a summit in Lake Tahoe that while Kenny's ruling raises some questions, "it did not stop anything," according to the Associated Press. The decision, he said, leaves "a lot of room for interpretation, and I think the outcome will be positive."

Michael Brady and Stuart Flashman, the attorneys representing plaintiffs John Tos, Aaron Fukuda and the County of Kings, voiced similar sentiments, though to them the term "positive" has the opposite meaning. Brady, a longtime and outspoken opponent of the rail system, said he would like the court to either require the rail authority to correct its myriad errors or to put the brakes on the controversial project.

"We hope the court will say: 'We already found you're in violation of Proposition 1A. What are you going to do about it?'" Brady told the Weekly. "'Are you going to comply? Should the project go ahead if you can't comply?'"

Rail authority officials had argued in a court brief that it was perfectly legal for the agency to proceed with the shorter segment before laying out all the plans for the larger one. The bond act "clearly authorizes construction of the high-speed train system in portions, like the ICS (Initial Construction Segment), that are smaller than an entire corridor or usable segment," Deputy Attorney General S. Michele Inan wrote in a brief.

It is significant, the rail authority argued, "that the Legislature omitted the term 'corridor' or 'usable segment' from the authorization to use bond proceeds: It is not limited to corridors or usable segment.

"Since the train system envisioned by the bond act will be built over a long period of time, such phased construction allows the Authority to manage the development process, costs, and funding over time," Inan wrote.

She also argued that because the Legislature had already appropriated the funds despite complaints that the funding plan did not meet the requirements of Prop. 1A, "an order setting aside the funding plan will have no legal effect and would be an empty act."

The Kenny ruling is the latest setback for high-speed rail, a project that has generated a tide of opposition along the Peninsula since the 2008 vote. Palo Alto, Menlo Park and Atherton had previously sued the rail authority, forcing the agency to decertify and revise its environmental analysis, and the Palo Alto City Council had unanimously passed a resolution officially opposing the project. Despite a list of critical audits and concerns from lawmakers about the rail authority's ridership projections and revenue forecasts, the legislature voted in July 2012 to approve $2.6 billion in bond funds and $3.4 billion in federal funds for the first construction segment. The appropriation came by a single vote, with several Democrats joining every Republican in opposition.

Now, opponents of the project hope that Kenny's ruling will tarnish this victory by invalidating the appropriation, which they argue is shown to be based on an incomplete financial analysis.

"We think that it's appropriate for the judge — and we understand his reticence — to consider rescinding the legislative approval of appropriation," Flashman, who has represented Palo Alto, Atherton and Menlo Park in prior lawsuits against the rail authority, told the Weekly.

He acknowledged that such a move would be unlikely, given the separation of power between the legislative and judicial branches. But even if Kenny doesn't rescind the appropriation vote, he could effectively invalidate it, Flashman said.

"We do think it would be perfectly within his right to declare that — because the funding plan was invalid and because the Legislature relied on that funding plan in making the appropriation — to say the appropriation was not properly supported and therefore declare it invalid."

In discussing potential remedies, Kenny was vague in his ruling. He noted that he could direct the rail authority to rescind its funding plan, though he acknowledged that he is not convinced this would have "any real, practical effect" given that the money has already been appropriated. He also said the court cannot determine whether it should "invalidate subsequent approvals" of bond proceeds and directed both parties to issue supplemental briefs addressing this issue.

In his ruling, Kenny also pointed to another provision of Proposition 1A that could complicate the rail authority's ability to spend the bond money. The provision prohibits the agency from committing the bond funds until it submits a second funding plan, which would have to be accompanied by a report from independent parties and which would have to be approved by the state's director of finance and the chairperson of the Joint Legislative Budget Committee.

Though this supplemental plan has yet to be prepared, once released, it will present opponents of the rail money with another target for legal challenges. Flashman noted that the supplemental plan is required to get into greater detail than the initial one about sources of funding for the first usable segment of the rail line.

"Only after language has been prepared, submitted and approved can the authority spend any bond fund money," Flashman said. "It's a padlock on the strongbox containing that bond money."

Flashman and Brady are also looking forward to Kenny's response to the second part of their legal challenge — one that focuses on a Proposition 1A provision that requires high-speed trains to be able to get from Los Angeles to San Francisco in 2 hours and 40 minutes. Kenny will consider this challenge at a later date.

Though the ramification's of Kenny's decision won't become apparent until at least November, the recent opinion has given fresh hope to the Peninsula's legion of rail critics, many of whom have toned it down over the past two years as the rail authority's focus shifted to the Central Valley.

John Garamendi Jr., Palo Alto's high-speed-rail lobbyist in Sacramento, called Kenny's ruling "an enormous deal" and a huge victory against high-speed rail. The judge's determination that the rail authority must identify funding sources and get environmental clearance for the entire "initial operating segment" rather than the first constructed section "may be a hurdle too high for them to cross," Garamendi told the City Council's Rail Committee on Aug. 22.

"However, it would appear the governor and high-speed rail staff are not concerned in the least about it," Garamendi said. "I still believe we're a country of the rule of law. We'll see what the judge thinks about that."

Staff Writer Gennady Sheyner can be emailed at


Like this comment
Posted by senor blogger
a resident of Palo Verde
on Aug 29, 2013 at 2:41 pm

This is the same story you ran two or three weeks ago.
Now you are just resorting to propagandizing.
Shame on you

Like this comment
Posted by Garrett
a resident of another community
on Aug 30, 2013 at 1:40 pm

If we need to handle more air traffic, we can take over Moffett Field. Time to build the Hecker Pass Freeway. We should build a freeway from Palo Alto to Livermore.

Like this comment
Posted by PatrickD
a resident of Barron Park
on Aug 30, 2013 at 3:17 pm

Garrett: No thanks, however I would settle for a pedestrian underpass under the Caltrain tracks between Cal. Ave and Meadow Road.

Like this comment
Posted by local
a resident of College Terrace
on Aug 31, 2013 at 6:22 pm

I wonder how these Central Valley folks who are trying to bring HSR to it's knees will feel when their lands are taken over by the new freeways that we'll soon be needing to build instead of HSR??

Like this comment
Posted by Big Bill!
a resident of Embarcadero Oaks/Leland
on Aug 31, 2013 at 10:01 pm

The current version of high speed rail bears little semblance to what was promised in 2008, and made into law, by prop 1a. The judge correctly called HSR for what it currently is, a fraud; we are most definitely not getting what we voted for.

Successful ballot initiatives are the law in CA, like it or not. If the Governor and his entourage can circumvent the law by simply ignoring it, that is a very sad, and troublesome statement of the current state of government, and the governor of California.

Like this comment
Posted by Timothy Gray
a resident of Charleston Meadows
on Sep 3, 2013 at 9:13 am

If the judge allows the HSR to move forward, it will at least negate the notion that the project has to go to San Francisco.

This would allows the HSR to terminate near San Jose or in the East Bay. Travelling further to Peninsula neighborhoods or San Francisco would be accomplished on a quiet and efficient electrified Cal Train commuter rail with a few at-grade crossings like Charleston and W. Meadow eliminated.

The hurdle has always been the assertion that HSR had to be all (LA-SF) or nothing. Maybe this will set the legal precedent to build a rail route that makes sense like the voters in 2008 originally envisioned.

Tim Gray

Like this comment
Posted by C.Jillaine.V
a resident of Adobe-Meadow
on Nov 8, 2013 at 12:25 am

BTW, this is NOT my neighborhood, but this website wouldn't let me not list a website. So here is where I really live...

How unfortunate my neighborhood wasn't listed, yet my entire life is invested. I live in Kings County. I live on a 4th generation farm effected by HSR.
Not sure where you think you're food is grown but, that would be in Kings County.
My understanding is that the ONLY reason HSR, wants to go through our County is that land "is cheap" and they think we are too dumb to know what they are doing.
Umm, we voted, and our vote counts, so follow the rules of Prop. 1a.

I personally didn't vote for the HSR, based soley on the fact that it would cost California tax payers more money. I think we pay enough taxes in the State of California, we don't need to add to our own tax burden, or that of my children or grandchildren...
Please HSR find another route, find away around my County. Follow the law as it was passed.
As California voters, we passed proposition 1a, follow that and leave Kings County out of your plan.

Like this comment
Posted by resident
a resident of Charleston Meadows
on Nov 16, 2013 at 12:18 pm

HSR is currently working the issues in Fresno where they are trying to displace people who have had their land for over 30 years. Those people are being paid of at the Tax Assessment value - relatively low for long held land - and then leasing back at current market rtes. The differential is where a part of the HSR funding is derived. This same funding scheme has been used to project ABAG - SB-375 hosing requirements along transportation routes. That impact in PA focuses on the Central Expressway / Alma corridor which has older apartments and housing, presumably at low tax assessed value. Project that same funding scheme from LA/San Diego to SF/Sacramento and it produces a fairly ugly situation. The focus on the San Antonio Blvd to Oregon Expressway would be considered the "low hanging fruit" for this area.

Like this comment
Posted by resident
a resident of Charleston Meadows
on Nov 20, 2013 at 10:42 pm

Current HSR news 11/19/13 NY Times "Japan Pitches its High-Speed Train with an Offer to Finance". Offer is to feds for northeast routes for maglev train. High level people involved here - NY former governor, New Jersey, Pennsylvania. Most expensive part in Japan is boring through mountains. If in California boring through Tehachapi Mountains would be most expensive part of project. No mountains to bore through in northeast.
If this is agreed to then the feds desire to have a HSR would be satisfied within the available funding. Looks like they would use existing right of ways. The Northeast Maglev has very high level government sponsorship. Japan wants to surpass France and Germany with their technology. This looks like a go for HSR in the northeast.
No mention in article about California.

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