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California's second gubernatorial recall election in history is shaping up to be pretty different from the first.
Just 46 candidates filed all the paperwork necessary by the July 16 deadline to run to replace Democratic Gov. Gavin Newsom in the Sept. 14 recall — a field that includes GOP politicians, a reality TV personality, a YouTuber, a retired detective, a cannabis advocate, several business owners and even a new-age shaman.
What it doesn't include: Anyone with the star power that actor and body builder Arnold Schwarzenegger enjoyed when he disrupted the political scene in 2003 and ousted then-Gov. Gray Davis. It also doesn't include any prominent Democrats who might be seen as a viable alternative to Newsom by California's overwhelmingly blue electorate.
That's good news for Newsom as he fights to keep his job, said the man who managed Davis' unsuccessful campaign against the 2003 recall.
"The biggest problem was Arnold getting in and galvanizing the recall vote. And the second biggest problem was (Democratic Lt. Gov. Cruz) Bustamante getting in," said Democratic consultant Garry South.
"In this current field, there is nobody who can have that kind of impact."
But a lot will hinge on how many Californians decide to vote. Polls show that Republicans are enthusiastic about the recall, while Democrats are not very tuned in that it's happening. Even though, overall, Democrats outnumber Republicans by 22 percentage points in California, Newsom could be damaged by strong turnout among GOP voters and weak turnout among Democrats.
"A sleepy race can pose its own challenges for Newsom," said Rob Stutzman, a Republican consultant who worked on Schwarzenegger's campaign. "If there is a lack of intensity among Democrats, something weird could happen."
Newsom enjoys a massive fundraising advantage over his challengers and has already raised $32 million and counting to fight the recall. State law allows the target of a recall to accept unlimited sums of money — and his campaign committee has already received several donations of $1 million or more. Challengers can only accept as much as $32,400 from each single donor.
But a recent spike in COVID-19 cases and new mask mandates in some parts of California create uncertainty that could change the political landscape.
The recall ballot includes two questions. The first requires a yes or no answer: Do you want to recall Newsom? On the second question, voters can pick one candidate to replace him. Unless a majority votes "yes" on the first, the second doesn't matter, except perhaps to show who has the most support heading into the 2022 regular election for governor.
"Across our state, Democrats are united against this Republican recall," said Nathan Click, a spokesman for Newsom's anti-recall campaign. "They understand this recall is nothing more than a partisan power grab."
The most well-known challengers include Republicans Caitlyn Jenner, a transgender reality TV personality and former Olympic athlete; Larry Elder, a conservative talk show host; John Cox, a businessman who lost to Newsom in 2018; and Kevin Faulconer, the former mayor of San Diego.
"We have the broad brush that this election deserves," said Anne Dunsmore, a manager for the recall campaign.
She said she is happy with the field of candidates, "some who have a background in politics and some who don't, but who have remarkable followings in the endeavors they are involved in."
Dunsmore said she believes that having lots of candidates in the race — even if none are likely to consolidate a huge number of votes — will help the effort to oust Newsom by bringing in more people to vote "yes" on the question of whether to recall him.
The 46-person field is actually much smaller than it was in 2003, when 135 candidates ran to replace Davis.
This year, candidates had to initially comply with a new requirement: submitting five years of tax returns that were posted publicly on the secretary of state's website. But on July 21, a judge ruled that the requirement should not have applied to the recall. That put Elder, who sued over the tax returns, on the ballot, along with three others who were only rejected due to the tax document requirement.
Several people who flirted with running — including Trump administration official Richard Grenell, California secession advocate Louis Marinelli and adult film performer Mary Carey — did not, in the end, submit the required paperwork.
On July 17, the secretary of state's office released a list of candidates who have "fulfilled the qualifications and requirements to appear on the ballot." The office issued a certified list, with final ballot designations, on July 21.
Here's a look at the six major candidates on the ballot in California's historic recall election:
The Republican businessman from Rancho Santa Fe lost in 2018 for governor, but is running again in the California recall election.
The conservative talk radio host, columnist and author got into the California recall race late, but has zoomed to the top of the polls.
The former mayor of San Diego is a moderate Republican with the backing of many party officials in the California recall election.
The TV personality and former Olympic gold medalist received a lot of buzz early on in the Newsom recall, but interviews didn't go well.
The Republican Assemblymember from Rocklin is backed in the Newsom recall by one of the initial organizers of the petition drive.
Kevin Paffrath, a real estate agent with 1.6 million followers on his finance-focused YouTube channel, is the only Democrat polling high as a replacement for Newsom.
Additional candidates by category